greece guide

Greece Geography regions counties rivers lakes and mountains

Greece is located at the most southerly part of the Balkan peninsula and the south east of the Mediterranean sea. From the north Greece borders with Albania FYROM and Bulgaria. From the east it borders with the European part of Turkey. To the west of Greece is the Ionian Sea and to the east is the Aegean Sea. To the south is the Libyan Sea ,see more information about the Geography of Greece about the lakes, rivers and mountains of Greece ,details of the geomorphology of Greece you can find at the Physical map of Greece. The coast line of Greece is 13,676 km therefore having a the longer coastline in the Mediterranean. .Most of the Greek islands and islets situated in the Aegean sea, while a small number of islands are in the Ionian Sea.

Geographically, Greece is part of the Large family of 33 European countries, occupying the 13th position in area, the family of 17  Mediterranean countries and finally the smallest family of the Balkan states. Globally, the area of ​​Greece corresponds to less than 1/100% of the total area of ​​the continents. It is 125 times smaller than Russia, about 70 times smaller than the US and 65 times smaller than Brazil.

Soil morphology

Greece presents an extremely complex horizontal and vertical division. Too many factors, geological and climatic, have influenced in the past and caused the creation of high alpine mountains. Lower peaks of basins, small plains, valleys and peninsulas. Only steppes and deserts are missing from the surface of Greece.

This landscaping and the variety of landscapes rank the country among the most beautiful countries in the world. However, only a small part of the land is arable while the largest consists of rocky and inaccessible mountains which yield almost nothing.

Scientists have geographically defined the wider area of Greece that emerged at the end of the Mesozoic era (65 million years ago) with the name Aegida.
This large and almost single land included the area that located south of the mountain range of Aimos, north of Crete, east of the Ionian Sea and west of Asia Minor. The Aegean was then in its largest part a mainland. One of the great upheavals mentioned above was the creation of the mountain ranges which, starting from the Alps, goes to the south-east, passes through the former Yugoslavia and Albania and Crete with direction from east to west and continues through Karpathos and Rhodes, continues into Asia Minor.
This mountain range was named Dinarotauric, because its two extreme parts are the Dinaric Alps (in former Yugoslavia) and the Taurus Mountains (in Asia Minor). The mountain range of Pindos, the mountains of the Peloponnese, the mountains of Evia and Western and Central Macedonia extend in the direction North/North west and south southeast.
In Crete the picture changes and the mountains are extended in the direction East to the West. The same orientation have the mountain masses and the three peninsulas of the Southern Peloponnese, Argolis, Attica, Evia, Thermaikos, Halkidiki, etc. who extend in the direction of North/North west and South/southeast.

Specifically, 4/5 of the territory of Greece is mountains and plains, while the plains cover only 1/5 of the land. Fracture dissection Mountains The part of the Dinarotaur- to- As it crosses the Greek area we characterize it with the term Greek mountain ranges. These mountain ranges of the mainland, are interrupted by the sinking of the Corinthian gulf, continue in the Peloponnese. are interrupted again and now appear in Crete. The part of the Greek mountain ranges from the Greek-Albanian border up to the Corinthian gulf, is the well-known mountain range of Pindos. Pindos consists of more than about parallel mountain ranges with branches and has over 200 peaks. Plains

The plains of Greece are distinguished in coastal areas that have an opening to the Sea and in mainland that are inland. Some of the mainland plains have come from the drying of lakes. Such are those of Kopaida, Karla, Giannitsa, etc. . The plains and valleys occupy only 1/5 of the Greek territory. The main Greek plains are the following land extensions in square kilometers: Trikala – Karditsa, Thessaloniki,  Serres, Larissa, Komotini, Drama, Xanthi Kozani, Ptoleiada,  Nea Orestiada, Katerini etc…