A detailed physical map of Greece

About 225 million years ago, the Paleozoic century and the advent of the Mesozoic century found the Greek area covered by the Tithia Sea, which in other areas had a smaller depth and in others a larger one. Tethys was a large sea zone that stretched about parallel to Ecuador. at the height of today’s Mediterranean In this sea area, sediments were formed that fell to the bottom and in them were buried numerous shells. shells and skeletons through taxes of marine organisms living at that time. For many millions of years the same situation continued. But beyond his apparent calm. the space was in a dynamic state. So from time to time due to the movements of the solid “crust” some areas emerged from the Tethys Sea and formed islands. These islands. after a long time sank again. These great rearrangements were completed during the Cenozoic century, about 15 million years ago, and resulted in the emergence and creation of the Alps, the Pyrenees, the Carpathians, the Caucasus. the Himalayas etc.

During this period, the folding and emergence of almost the entire physical map of Greece was partially completed. Of course, the picture then was very different from today. Scientists have geographically defined the wider area of Greece. which emerged then with the name Aegida. This large and almost single land included the area south of Aimos mount north of Crete, east of the Ionian Sea and west of Asia minor. The Aegean sea was back then mostly land. The result of the great reorganisations mentioned above was the creation of the mountain branch which, starting from the Alps, is headed southeast, passing through the former Yugoslavia and Albania, crosses the mainland of today’s Greece and the Peloponnese,then it bends and passes to Crete and from there through Karpathos and Rhodes enters Turkey.

This mountain range was named Dinaric Taurus because its two extreme parts are the Dinaric Alps on the Balkans and the Taurus Mountains in Turkey . This arc has a decisive influence on the geomorphology of the areas through which it passes. Thus the mountain range of Pindos, the mountains of the Peloponnese, the mountains of Evia and the mountains of Western and Central Macedonia show growth in the direction North > North West and South > Southeast. In Crete the picture changes and the mountains are arranged in an direction from East to West. The lines of the coasts show the same orientation as the mountain masses. The three peninsulas of the Southern Peloponnese, Argolida, Attica, Evia, Thermaikos, the three peninsulas of Halkidiki show growth in the direction North > North West and South > Southeast.

Greece Physical Map

Map of Greece Physical