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On land...

Tree Frog (Hyla arborea)
Size: 5cm
Description: green, yellow or brown with darker spots
Environment: Near water
Interesting fact: Active at night, climbs well, blows up is larynx
Turkish Gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus)
Size: 10cm
Description: almost see through, striped tail
Environment: Warm coastal areas, cliffs and rocky hills
Interesting fact: Active in the night.
Wall Gecko (Tarentola mauritania)
Size: 15cm
Description: flat body, brown/grey with stripes, claws only on 3rd and 4th toes
Warm coastal areas
Interesting fact: Makes ticking sound, active in the day.
Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra)
Size: 28cm
Description: yellow with dark spots or black with yellow spots
Environment: Forests and mountainous surroundings near water
Interesting fact: Night active. During the Middle Ages people were terrified of it, and a 13h century anecdote tells us Alexander the Great lost 4000 men and 400 horses after they had drunk from a pond where the salamander just had been.
Greek Tortoise (Testudo hermanni)
Size: 20cm
Description:Yellow, orange or brown, sometimes greenish, vaulted shell
Environment: Forests, bushes, beaches, garbage tips
Interesting fact: The ancient Greeks had a story about this animal: Chelone
Loggerhead (Caretta caretta)
Size: 1,1m
Description: grown animals have rounded, flat, shells while the younger have jagged ones
Environment: Open sea, near coasts
Interesting fact: Endangered species. Protected around Zakynthos and the North Sporades
Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea)
Size: 1,8m
Description: Massive body, leathery shell, dark grey or grey-brown
Environment: Open sea
Interesting fact: Eats jellyfish
Viper (Vipera berus)
Size: 50cm
Description: relatively small snake, zig zak pattern, teeth that move back and forward
Environment: Forests, meadows
Interesting fact: Gives birth to living offspring, between 3-20 each time, poisonous but generally not lethal.
Sand Viper (Vipera ammodytes)
Size: 1m
Description: characteristic horn on the nose, zig zak pattern, green or orange end of tail
Environment: bushes, stones, ruins
Interesting fact: Very poisonous but seldom attacks, climbs bushes, feeds of mice. Active both day and night.
Lizard Elapid (Elaphe situla)
Size: 75cm
Description: cream coloured, yellow or light grey with red pattern, relatively thin, big eyes, sometimes striped
Environment: Stony hills, stone walls, forests, fields
Interesting fact: Not poisonous, lays up to six eggs, hunts small mammals
Lizard Snake (Malpolon monspessulanus)
Size: 2m
Description: fairly stiff, slim body, nose points over lower jaw, grey, green, brown or almost black
Environment: Dry places with bushes, grass, trees, sometimes on beaches
Interesting fact: Not poisonous!
(Elaphe scalaris)
Size: 1,6m
Description: pointed head, slim body, yellow-grey or brown
Environment: Stony places, vineyards, uninhabited buildings
Interesting fact: Not poisonous!

• Mollusks, Starfish, Urchins & Jellyfish • Fish • Dolphins, Sharks & Whales • Reptiles & Amphibians • Mammals • Insects, Scorpions & Spiders • Birds • Butterflies • Flowers & Bushes • Trees
Reptiles & Amphibians in Greece