Commander of the Spartan fleet in the last years of the Peloponnesian War against Athens. Lysanders friendship with the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger gave his army financial support, which helped him defeat the Athenians in 404 BC. Athens was not sacked, though, and because of violent internal political problems, the Athenians begged Lysander to help them with the internal affairs. Lysander then constituted the so called thirty Tyrants in order to overthrow the democracy.

Lysander was known as an arrogant man without scruples, which made the Spartan government restore the Athenian democracy against his will. He was killed in a battle against Corinth and Thebes.