Philosopher, poet and statesman from Agrigentum on Sicily (c.490-430 BC). His teachers were Pythagoras and Parmenides.
Just like Pythagoras, Empedocles said to remember previous lives, not only as various humans, but also as a fish and a bush for example.
Empedocles instituted democracy after owerthrowing the oligarchy.
As a philosopher, he believed reality is cyclical and consists of the four elements earth, air, fire and water. These elements contract and separate according to the two opposing forces love and hate.
He also formed a primitive thery on evolution, declating that humans and animals evolve from antecedent forms.
Empedocles is said to have comitted suicide by jumbing into the volcano Etna. The volcano threw back one of his sandals, though.