Macedonian general, who lived during the 4th century BC. He was one of Philip II's closest men, and during Alexander's rule he was the chancellor of Macedonia.

As such, he was also the leader (hegemon) for the Pan Hellenic League when Alexander was away.

When the Spartans tried to revolt in 330 BC, he successfully queased them. He did the same to the Athenians, Aetolians and he Thessalians in the Lamian war. After this, he forced the Athenians to give up their democracy in favour of timocracy, a rule where citizenship had a price of 2000 drachmas. He also had any anti-Macedonian arrested, and Hyperides was executed and Demosthenes committed suicide.

Alexander had great confidence in him, but his mother Olympias did not. In antiquity he was suspected of having poisoned Alexander through his son Iolaos, who was his cup bearer.

When his life came close to an end he appointed the general Polyperchon his successor as king of Macedonia (Alexander had died four years earlier), which made his son Kassander very bitter. After his death in 319 BC, the successors, diadochs, of Alexander would keep fighting for power.