(7th century BC)
who was influenced by either the oracle of Delphi or the Cretan laws. He was
to transform Sparta into a military state and retired into exile by his own
will after making the Spartans swear they would not change his laws. Lycurgus
then to Crete and committed suicide.
His laws were oral, and they included instructions on house building, society as well as prohibitions of all luxury. Until today, we do not know whether Lycurgus really existed or not.