Danaus was the son of king Belus and Queen Anchinoe of Egypt and his brother was Aegyptus. The brothers were on bad terms, and to make peace Aegyptus wanted his 50 sons to marry Danaus's 50 daughters, the Danaids. The girls refused, and together with their father they fled to Argus, where Danaus became king. The 50 sons followed them there, and Danaus decided to let the marriages happen. He entrusted each daughter with a knife, and on their wedding night all but one murdered Aegyptus sons.
The disobedient, eldest daughter Hypermnestra was put in prison by her father, but freed later on. Artemis killed the Danaids for their crime and they were sent to the underworld, punished to forever try to fill jars with holes in them.
According to Apollodorus, these were the names of the 50 Danaids and their fiancees:

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Hypermnestra - Lynceus
Chrysippe - Chrysippus
Gorgophone - Proteus
Autonoe - Eurylochus
Automate - Busirius
Theano - Phantes
Amyone - Enceladus
Electra - Peristhenes
Agave - Lycus
Cleopatra - Hermus
Scaea - Daiphon
Eurydice - Dryas
Hippodameia - Istrus
Glaucippe - Potamon
Rhodia - Chalcodon
Anthelia - Cisseus
Cleopatra - Agenor
Cleodone - Lixus
Asteria - Chaetus
Euippe - Imbrus
Hippodameia - Diocorystes
Erato - Bromius
Glauke - Alces
Stygne - Polyctor
Hippomedusa - Alcmenor
Bryce - Chtonius
Gorge - Hippothous
Actaea - Periphas
Iphimedusa - Euchenor
Podarce - Oeneus
Rhode - Hippolytus
Dioxippe - Aegyptus
Pirene - Agaptolemus
Adite - Menalces
Dorium - Cercetes
Ocypete - Lampus
Phartis - Eurydamas
Pylarge - Idmon
Mnestra - Aegius
Celaeno - Hyperbius
Euippe - Argius
Adiante - Daiphron
Anaxibia - Archelaus
Ocme - Arbelus
Nelo - Menemachus
Callidice - Pandion
Cleite - Cleitus
Hippodice - Idas
Sthenele - Sthenelus
Hyperippe - Hippocarystes
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