History Greece

travel to GreeceAncient HistoryGreece mapGreece holidaysGreek foodGreece real estateGreece factsGreece jobsGreek musicliving in Greece


Read about the Greek Orthodox Saints.

Orthodoxy in Greece

Greek Orthodox church

Greek orthodox churchMost Greeks are Christian Orthodox (Right Glory or Dogma). There are, of course, also other religious groups in the Greek society like Catholics, Moslems, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Hindus and Buddhists, but they consist of minority groups.
A few specific characteristics of the Greek Orthodox religion is that the Virgin Mary, or Panagia (All Saint) as the Greeks call her, is given great importance, the clergy is only male, priests can have wives as long as they get married before they are ordained, there are monasteries and icons are given great significance.

There are many, many churches in Greece, and they are very varied in size. Their walls are covered in icons, and the iconostasis (wall of icons) separate the holiest space where the altar is from the rest of the church. Only clergymen are allowed behind the iconostasis. The churches are always named after its patron saint.

You might have noticed that there are icons of various saints almost everywhere you go in Greece: in homes, shops, restaurants, cars, boats etc. One is not to worship the actual icon, but what it represents as a window to heaven.

The sacraments are Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Holy Confession, Holy Unction, Holy Matrimony (Marriage), and Ordination .

At a baptism the whole child, who usually is around a year old, is put under water and Greek parents do not call their child by its name until it has been christened.
Each day of the year is also a saints day, and therefore all orthodox prefer to celebrate their name days since they always have saints names.
The most important days of the year are Easter, then 15 August, the day of the Virgin Mary. Many miracles are believed to happen that day, and pilgrims travel to monasteries and churches on that day especially. The most famous place is the island Tenos, which can be compared to the Catholics Lourdes.
orthodox saintIn the north there is a place called Agios Oros, or Mt Athos, which is a peninsula in Chalcidice. This is a place with many monasteries where only men are allowed.
Easter is the most important holiday, Christmas comes second. There are various masses during Easter, but the one almost all participate in is on the Sunday. People gather at their local churches, usually outside because of the crowds, late in the evening. At midnight the priest declares "Christos anesti", Christ has risen, and the people reply "Alithos anesti", "truly risen". Then everyone light the candles they have with them from the holy flame from Jerusalem that the priest carries. After this the people go home, trying to keep the flame alive. If they make it to the doorway with the candle still burning, they make a cross in the archway, blessing the house for the following year.

 

 

webmasters in2greece