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Flowers & Bushes
Rose (Cistus monspeliensis)
Description: 50cm, bushy, white flowers, green leaves sometimes with white spot
Environment: On rocky fields with bushes, chalk ground
Blossoms: March-June, one flower blossoms a day
Interesting fact: Used in incense. In older days goats were let into the bushed
and the flowers stuck onto them and then they were picked off the animals. Today
pieces of cloth and leather are dragged through the fields.
Chaparral (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Description: Huge red leaves that are often thought to be the actual flowers,
which are small.
Origin: Mexico, brought to Europe by the Spanish.
Interesting fact: If you tear a leaf a white, milky fluid spills out which can
irritate your eyes. Very poisonous for cats!
Description: Bright white, yellow, orange or purple red leaves, small white
Environment: Often planted by houses.
Blossoms: at night
Interesting fact: Named after admiral Louis de Bougainville who explored South
America. The plant was discovered and named by his botanist in 1768.
Thorn (Paliurus spinachristi)
Description: bush with lots of thorns, two different sized horns by each leaf's
Environment: Dry ground
Interesting fact: Named after the wreath of Christ, which according to one tradition
was made by this plant.
Description: 8cm, orange red or yellow flowers
Environment: barren ground
Description: 60cm, blue-violet flowers
Environment: fruit gardens or rocky ground
Interesting fact: Named after Hyacinthus.
Orchid (Dactylorhiza romana)
Environment: sandy or rocky ground
Description: 15cm, flower like insect
Environment: grass, chalky ground
Interesting fact: of the 20 000 species this kind has developed to look like
the insects that spread their pollen. Even more specific: the flower insect
looks like a female, so the males try to mate them and so the spores stick onto
Description: 1,5m, white flowers
Environment: barren, dry ground
Interesting fact: The ancient Greeks saw this flower as a symbol of death, and
they thought Hades was covered with daffodils. According to Theophrastus this
was a delicacy to be fried. During the World War I it was used as an emergency