(6th century BC)

Philosopher, poet and greatest member of the Eleatic School. Pamenides held that our surroundings do not really exist, they are just illusion. Thus, any change or variety does not exist either. The true reality can not be known by the senses but only by reason.

He stated that the Absolute Being exists but we cannot percieve it. He also said that the true universe was a massive sphere of thinking in a resting state. One of Parmenides disciples was Zeno, who also defended his teacher through a series of paradoxes when the Greeks made fun of Parmenides ideas.

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