Cecrops

The first king of Attica who was half-man half-snake. He had no parents and was believed to have been born out of the earth. He had three daughters, "the dew sisters"; Aglauros, Pandrosos and Herse. Aglauros was worshipped on the north side of the Acropolis, and the young men, the ephebes, would pledge allegiance there when they did their national service. According to some versions she had thrown herself off this side of the Acropolis so that the Athenians would win the war against Eleusis. Pandrosos was worshipped on

the Acropolis as well, west of the Erechteion, where the olive tree of Athena stood.

Cecrops was considered to be the founder of Greek civilization and the city of Athens. He was also credited with introducing writing, the custom of burial, marriage, monogamy, bloodless sacrifice and to have dedicated Athens to Athena.

Cecrops was worshipped by Poseidon'sside in the southwest corner of the Erechteion on the Acropolisof Athens, and his tomb was believed to lay under the same temple. The Acropolis was called Cecropia and some peoples were named after him.


Erechteion