Greece travel

The Hellenistic Period in Greece

Alexander had left his empire without a proper successor, and now all the territories he had conquered were divided between some of his generals, also known as the Diadochi ("successors").

Syria came under Seleucus
Egypt under Ptolemy

This was a time period when art and culture flourished.

The Greek city-states, which were virtually nonexistent since they had come under Macedonian rule, now started organizing themselves. First the Aetolian league was formed and in 280 BC the Achaean League and its goal was to resist Macedonian domination. This did not succeed however, since it was forced to ask for Macedonian help in the war against Sparta, and thus made itself the subject of Macedonian rule.

Rome began taking an interest in Greece. Philip V of Macedonia had made allies with Carthage against the Romans, but the latter defeated them in 206 and 197, which resulted in peace with Rome and the declaration of the Greek city-states' independence. The Achaean League tried to defy the Romans as a last try to be totally independent, but the Romans invaded Greece and destroyed Corinth in 146 BC. From now on Greece was a Roman province..

Greek history