Alexander had left his empire without a proper successor, and now
all the territories he had conquered were divided between some of his
generals, also known as the Diadochi ("successors").
Syria came under Seleucus
Egypt under Ptolemy
This was a time period when art and culture flourished.
The Greek city-states, which were virtually nonexistent since they had
come under Macedonian rule, now started organizing themselves. First the
Aetolian league was formed and in 280 BC the Achaean League and its goal
was to resist Macedonian domination. This did not succeed however, since
it was forced to ask for Macedonian help in the war against Sparta, and
thus made itself the subject of Macedonian rule.
Rome began taking an interest in Greece. Philip V of Macedonia had made
allies with Carthage against the Romans, but the latter defeated them in
206 and 197, which resulted in peace with Rome and the declaration of
the Greek city-states' independence. The Achaean League tried to defy
the Romans as a last try to be totally independent, but the Romans
invaded Greece and destroyed Corinth in 146 BC. From now on Greece was a