Geography of Chios

chios-geography Chios is the fifth largest island in Greece and its surface reaches 904 square kilometers.

It is located in the north-eastern Aegean, directly opposite the peninsula of Erythraia in Western Asia Minor and belongs to the complex of islands that form in the Eastern Aegean and which includes, apart from Chios, Lesbos, Lemnos, Samos, Ikaria and Agios Eustratios .

The capital is the city of Chios, also known as Chora. The main port of the island is also located there.

The Regional Unit of Chios consists of the islands of Chios, Psara, Antipsara and Oinousses. It is administratively divided into three municipalities, those of Oinoussa, Chios and Psara.

The largest of them is the municipality of Chios, which includes the entire island of Chios and is the largest municipality of the island in terms of population.

Chios has a total of 64 villages. The central and northern part of Chios is mountainous, in contrast to the southern part which is mainly lowland, and where mastic trees are cultivated.

To the north of Chios is the Pelinaio mountain range with the highest peak being Agia Triada (1,297 m.). The length of its coasts reaches 213 kilometers.

The island is known for its picturesque landscapes, but also for its temperate Mediterranean climate with mild winters and rare rains in the summ