Greece » Greek state facts

Information about the Hellenic Republic

Finacial development and industry, shipping, transport, public services and politics.

facts abou greece

Greece,  a state of southern Europe, located on the southern Balkan Peninsula and its official name is Hellenic Republic. It is a presidential parliamentary republic and its capital is the city of Athens.

The peninsular stretch borders to the north with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey and is bathed on the other sides by the Aegean Sea, the Ionian Sea and the Cretan Sea.

The Republic has its roots in the Greek war of independence fought in the 19th century against the Ottoman Empire, which gave birth to the First Hellenic Republic.

With the London Convention of 1832 the birth of the Kingdom of Greece was established, overthrown for the first time in 1924 with the birth of the Second Hellenic Republic, and a second time in 1967 with the coup d’état who gave birth to the Dictatorship of the Colonels.

The modern Republic was born with the end of the military regime in 24th of July 1974.

Despite a strong recession caused by the economic crisis of the 2010s, Greece is considered a developed state, at thirty-second place on the world scale for human development index and with a per capita income of € 17,953.36 (2019).

Greece is one of the 51 states that joined the United Nations Organization in 1945 and since 1981 is part of the European Economic Community and then of the European Union and adopted the Euro with most of the other countries in 2002.

It is also a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1952, of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since 1961, and a founding member of the Black Sea Economic Co-operation Organization (BSEC) and the European Space Agency (ESA).
Major cities include the capital, Athens,Thessaloniki, Patras, and Heraklion.

Greece in the European Union

After World War II, the effort to unite Europe began. Greece is one of the countries that played a leading role in these developments. In 1981, Greece became the 10th member of the EU. Since the end of the military dictatorship in 1974, concerted efforts have been made to strengthen democratic institutions and to cultivate the state’s international relations. Despite their individual differences, all governments after 1974 have worked to modernize and improve the quality of life of Greek citizens. Thus, the standard of living of the Greeks improved dramatically.

The Greek actress and politician Melina Mercury pioneered the completion of the European union,  she was inspired by passion in everything she did, from her appearances in the theatre and on the big screen in the first stage of her life, to her struggle against the fascist junta who came to power in Greece in 1967 and her campaign, as a politician, for the protection and promotion of culture.

Below are the most accurate facts about Greece and the Greek islands, the Greeks and their culture, for kids students and tourists. Among them are interesting information about today’s life in Greece and the Greek islands, , religion, finacial development and industry Greek shipping , transport etc.. Introducing many other topics such as Greek education, dowry and marriage. Quality of life and economic development, issues concerning foreigners who want to move to Greece.

The Hellenic Republic

OFFICIAL NAME: Hellenic Republic
LOCATION: South East Europe
AREA: 131,957
POPULATION : 10,349,848 (2021)
DENSITY: 79.9 cat. per
LIFE EXPECTANCY 81.94 years (2019)
STATE: Presiding parliamentary democracy
NATIONAL COMPOSITION: Greeks 99%, Gypsies, Albanians and others 1%
RELIGION: Greek Orthodox Christians 99%, Roman Catholics, Jews, etc.
NATIONAL HOLIDAYS: March 25 (anniversary of the revolution of 1821), October 28 (anniversary of “NO”)
INFLATION 4.8% 2021

Electricity: 91,24% hydro, 8,26% fossil fuel, 0,5% other
Ports and harbors: Alexandroupolis, Eleusis, Irakleion, Kavala, Kerkyra (Corfu), Chalkis, Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patras, Pireus, Thessaloniki, Volos

International organizations: Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EU, FAO, G- 6, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG,

Trade partners: Germany, Italy, UK, France, Netherlands, US.
Military branches: Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Air Force

Greece has the largest merchant fleet in the world

Greece has twice the value of its fleet from Japan, China and the USA that follow. Greece is the second largest bulk carrier behind Japan and the fifth largest behind China, Germany, Japan and Denmark in terms of container vessels.

Greek shipping accounts for 53% of the European Union fleet and almost 21% of the global fleet in dwt, according to the annual report of the Hellenic Shipowners’ Association.

Specifically, the Greek merchant fleet is the largest fleet in the world, with 4,936 ships (over 1,000 gt) with a capacity of 389.69 million tons (dwt)

Magnesium exports of Greece, covers 46% of the total production of Western Europe.

Greece is the first in Europe in the production of aluminum, for thousands of applications.

Greece is the largest bauxite-producing country in the European Union.

Greece is the main producer of cotton in the European Union. Of the total 300,000 hectares cultivated in Europe, Greece cultivates 80% of the total area.

Greece is one of the largest countries producing saffron or “red gold” as it is otherwise called, with a sale price that can exceed 2,000 euros per kilo

Greece ranks third in world olive oil production with 320 thousand tons per year

Other Exports of Greece

Fish and shellfish

The value of Greek fish exports in 2017 amounted to 660 million euros, accounting for 0.63% of world exports. Italy is the main destination of Greek fish, with 38.49% of exports ending there. The countries of Northern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula are Greece’s main competitors in fish.

Fruits and fruits

The value of exports of fruits and nuts amounted to 848 million euros. Greece is an economy that traditionally relies on the primary production sector and, therefore, in this category there are many products that have good export performance.
They account for 0.80% of world exports.The main destinations of Greek exports are Germany, Romania, Italy, the United Kingdom and Bulgaria. The most important competitors are the Netherlands, Belgium and Spain.

Plant resins and plant extracts

They hold 0.22% of world exports, worth 13 million euros The main destinations of the exports are the USA, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Germany and Turkey.

Animal and vegetable fats and oils

The value of exports for fats and oils was 594 million euros and covers 0.68% of world exports.
It is one of the most competitive categories for Greece.The main destination is Italy, with a big difference from the rest.

Greek Tourism

The most touristic places in Greece are:

Parthenon Acropolis, Meteora, Oracle of Delphi, Ancient Olympia Gorge of Samaria, Byzantine Mystras in Peloponnese, Mykonos, Santorini, Rhodes

Travel Restrictions for Greece Covid 19

The total lifting of the measures for the coronavirus in Greece is expected in March, as the tourist season starts on March 1st.

The government’s goal is to restore normalcy in all areas and it is expected  that in early March no restrictions will apply, with the sole exception of the use of a mask.

It is thought advisable to read all travel restrictions set by the Greek ministry of health for travelers before you travel to Greece.